When’s the last time you saw a brand-new motorcycle with a dual shock? Yes, the response surprised us as well. Please keep in mind that we are not discussing typical commuters here. They have dual shocks for a reason, which we will discuss later in the article. But, yes, it is worth considering why there has been a sudden rise in the usage of monoshocks in the sports bike market. Is it really superior to dual shocks? And, if so, why has it taken so long to reach the market?
Twin Shock Absorbers
Let’s start with something which, in today’s world, is a little out of date. Almost all of the bikes previously available in the market had dual shocks. Every bike, from the simplest commuter to the most powerful, had a dual shock, and they still do. The best examples to mention here are Bajaj’s Pulsar and Hero MotoCorp’s Karizma lines of motorcycles. All of the motorcycles, with the exception of the 200cc entrants in the industry, have dual shocks.
Twin shocks, even though it is old technology has its own allure for clinging to things. Previously, the roads were in disrepair. And by that, we mean completely unacceptable. As a result, today’s commuters are all equipped with Dual shocks. The scooters, too, are outfitted with Dual shocks. It’s not only that two is better than one, but there’s a lot of research behind it. Roads used to be poor, which meant that the bikes had to endure a lot of stress while on the track. This put more strain on the swingarm, necessitating the use of a device capable of absorbing all of the bumps.
Monoshocks are relatively new to the market; they have been present in the foreign business for a long time on large capacity bikes, but even antique bikes still have dual shocks. It is easier to haul all of the bike’s load with dual shocks, but the issue arises when the load bearing and shock travel of the suspension are not properly balanced. Furthermore, due to the bike’s light weight frame, dual shocks are largely ineffective. As a result, the use of monoshocks came to the fore.
Monoshocks are used on a daily basis on both superbikes and sports bikes. If you’re riding a touring bike, you’re unlikely to see a higher capacity bike with dual shocks. In that case, dual shocks are needed because the stress on the swingarm and shocks is extremely high, and a single shock cannot bear the entire load. However, monoshocks are better used with bikes that are designed for cornering because dual shocks are incapable of handling variable loads and therefore suffer from poor cornering handling and stability.
The monoshocks, on the other hand, remains very stiff and can thus handle any load from any angle since they are situated right in the centre of the bike, providing ultimate cornering power.
Furthermore, monoshocks make the bike even more stable on the highway at higher speeds. As a result, there is an additional benefit here. They are much larger and more expensive than dual shocks, but the overall versatility they provide completely supports the higher price.